Itching on the skin is very uncomfortable and sometimes interferes with activities. Itching of the skin or pruritus may also be accompanied by a rash, hives, watery spots, dry skin, or scaly skin.
However, the reflex that is often done when experiencing itching on the skin is to scratch it. Our bodies are equipped with receptors that send signals to the brain. By scratching the skin, the brain processes that the skin is experiencing pain. Signals that are captured by the brain is what makes the itching “treated” because the body is being distracted by the pain caused by scratching.
Scratching itchy skin can cause sores, dry skin, and many other skin problems. To deal with itching on the skin, there are also some itching medications that you can use. However, it is also important to learn what causes hives and what the appropriate remedies are.
Causes of Itchy Skin
Itching on the skin is not always caused by the same thing. There are a variety of conditions that cause itching. The following are some of the causes of itching on the skin:
- Allergic reaction. Touching objects, smells, or drugs that are not suitable for the body can cause intense itching
- Psychiatric condition. Emotionally unstable, obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), or depression can cause itching all over the body
- Skin disease. Some of the most common skin diseases that cause itching are dry skin, eczema, psoriasis, and scabies
- Insect bites. Mosquito or tick bites can cause itching. If the itching does not go away, visit a dermatologist immediately
- Candida bacteria. The type of bacteria that most often infects the body. Generally occurs in body parts such as tongue, pubic, armpits, fingers & toes
- Bile duct obstruction. An emergency that requires immediate medical attention. Usually accompanied by yellowing of the eyes and skin
If the itching is intense and long-lasting, contact a dermatologist immediately. If you have a disease such as thyroid or bile duct problems, see an internist for further examination.
Types of Medicine for Itching
Since itching is generally a symptom, there are several ways to help relieve it without scratching. Itching medications can be in the form of antibiotic pills or natural ingredients. Here are the most commonly used itching medications:
Antihistamines are drugs that were first designed to treat problems surrounding allergies. However, keep in mind that taking antihistamines doesn’t always work for all allergies. Generally, antihistamines are used to relieve itching in mild allergies.
Antihistamines work by blocking the production of histamine (a chemical that causes itching) in the body. The types of antihistamines commonly used are:
- Diphenhydramine – helps relieve itching in the throat, nose, and eyes
- Desloratadine – used to relieve hives, sneezing, itchy eyes, to shortness of breath
- Cetirizine – able to reduce all mild allergy symptoms
- Loratadine – relieve itching all over the body caused by allergies
- Fexofenadine – used if you have symptoms of red eyes, watery eyes, sneezing, and mild itching of the skin
2. Colloidal Oatmeal
This natural itching remedy has many benefits in the body. However, to relieve itching, oats are not eaten but used for bathing. The type of oats used is called colloidal oatmeal.
Colloidal oatmeal is milled from oat seeds and is shaped like a powder. Colloidal oatmeal is also easy to mix with water and has become a very popular natural remedy for problematic skin. This itching medication is generally used for eczema and xerosis (very dry skin).
3. Aloe vera
In addition to oatmeal, there is another natural itching remedy that is proven effective to relieve itching on the skin. Because itching is generally caused by dry and scaly skin, aloe vera is often used to hydrate the skin so that the skin does not become itchy.
In addition, aloe vera has also been shown to treat eczema. Eczema is a skin condition that causes the skin to become very dry, cracked, to sore and bleed. The antimicrobial content of aloe vera can prevent skin infections caused by wounds.
Aloe vera also contains antioxidants, wound healers, and immune boosters that can help relieve eczema.
Hydrocortisone is a corticosteroid drug that is used as an inflammatory drug.anti inflammatory). This medication is generally taken by prescription and can be taken as an oral pill or cream. The corticosteroid content contained in hydrocortisone weakens the body’s immune system, therefore if you are using this drug it is recommended not to be near people who are sick.
The drug hydrocortisone should only be used for a specified amount of time and not for long-term use.
Because itching of the skin can also be caused by psychiatric problems, antidepressants are also needed for this need. Some antidepressants contain compounds that can send signals to the brain to produce serotonin.
However, antidepressants cannot be used outside of a doctor’s prescription. Therefore, if the itching is caused by mental and emotional problems, you should immediately visit a psychologist or psychiatrist to deal with it.
If your skin problem is still bothering you and getting worse, don’t hesitate to check with a specialist using Okadoc. You can make an appointment to see a doctor in person or a virtual consultation via video call for various health problems, you know! Let’s download the Okadoc application now on the Play Store and App Store.